What is CBD?

Learn about the CBD we extract from the resins of hemp flowers and how we use it to make hemp extract products such as CBD oils, tinctures and others.

/What is CBD?
What is CBD?2019-02-24T05:18:22+00:00

What is Cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the major cannabinoids found in Cannabis plants. It has been gaining interest due to its powerful effects on health and wellness. Cannabinoids interact with receptors in different parts of the central nervous system, affecting the endocannabinoid system, and these interactions have potentially interesting medical applications.

We extract CBD from the resins of mature hemp flowers and use it to make many types of hemp extract products such as oils, tinctures, edibles, and other forms of CBD concentrates.

Why CBD?

Since CBD is a non-psychoactive compound, it won’t make you feel stoned or high, and there are no known side effects when it is consumed, making it an extraordinary alternative for people looking for relief from pain, inflammation, anxiety, seizures and other conditions, without suffering from THC effects such as anxiety and restlessness.

Each type of CBD product could have its unique effects on symptoms and wellness. Health experts think CBD is the next big breakthrough in the treatment of many different chronic diseases, we strongly believe that this amazing new supplement can improve your quality of life.

How to take CBD

In its raw form, CBD is a resinous, sticky substance that is thick and concentrated. We use raw hemp extract to make CBD oil by diluting it into a carrier oil. The wide variety of products that contain CBD -tinctures, vapes, gummies, chewing gum, water, powders, crystals, topical creams, etc.- allow you to choose the best way to take CBD according to your needs and lifestyle.

That said, there are different variables that affect CBD dosing, including physiological conditions, intended use, and route of administration. For this reason, there is no universal dose that is suitable for every patient. As a point of reference, it is often recommended to start with small doses and work your way up to what works best for you.

Technically speaking

At the molecular level, cannabidiol looks very much like it’s more famous sibling, the THC molecule. The major difference between them is that THC holds a cyclic ring at its base while CBD’s cyclic ring is broken open with a hydroxyl group. That’s no surprise; they are both formed by the same precursor: CBGA.

Before either cannabinoid is manufactured within the cannabis plant, however, Cannabis begins with a combination of geranyl pyrophosphate and olivetolic acid. A binding between them is necessary. When those two compounds join together through an enzyme-catalyzed reaction, cannibagerolic acid (CBGA) is formed.

When CBDA Synthase is accumulated in a large enough quantity, it will turn CBGA into cannabidiol carboxylic acid (CBDA), which is simply CBD with an attached carboxylic acid. The carboxylic acid will be released from the CBD either through time or through the application of heat. In general, the carboxylic acid group releases at around 80 degrees Celsius.

CBD is a hydrophobic compound, meaning it does not blend well with water without being specifically treated to be a water-soluble. Though it is similar to THC in how they interact with water, they are different when it comes to which chemical should bind to your endogenous CB1 receptors. While THC wants to bind with CB1 to induce the well-known psychoactive effects, CBD is a negative allosteric modulator of CB1. In essence, CBD counteracts THC’s ability to bind with your receptors and minimizes its ability to change your mood or state of mind.

CBD helps regulate your mind’s reaction to cannabis consumption, but it also has important medical properties.

A potential anticancer drug

The question of whether CBD can truly fight tumors and cancer has led to some surprising results. According to a study published in Current Oncology, “cannabinoids impair tumor progression at several levels.” In general, the major cannabinoids seem to induce apoptosis–cellular suicide–in cancerous cells while also inhibiting metastasis.

More specifically, the California Pacific Medical Center’s research institute showed that CBD inhibits aggressive breast cancer by downregulating the pertinent genes. In fact, researchers looked at many compounds in their experiments in reducing the expression of Id-1 mRNA and proteins. They lauded CBD’s efficacy, calling it “the most potent inhibitor of human breast cancer cell aggressiveness.”

Furthermore, in a 2004 study published in The Journal of Pharmacology, researchers indicated that CBD also induces apoptosis in human glioma cell lines. CBD seems to dramatically reduce the oxidation in the cancer cell’s mitochondria. The reduced oxidation greatly reduces the cells’ ability to grow and disperse. The researchers touted CBD as having the ability to generate “significant inhibition…of tumor growth.”

Finally, a 2011 study found that CBD facilitates cross-talk between apoptosis and autophagy. Published in Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, the researchers showed that CBD battles cancer through the CB1, CB2, and the vanilloid receptor. Regardless of the receptor, CBD seemed to increase cellular cytotoxicity and destroy the damaged cells.

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Frequently Asked Questions

about phytocannabinoids, CBD and THC

Will hemp CBD make me high?2018-10-25T20:33:12+00:00

No. It is the THC compound in the cannabis plant which is psychoactive and will make you a high. The amount of THC in hemp CBD oil is usually very low, so you would need to consume a lot of it for you to get high. Some people report feeling slightly more alert after consuming hemp CBD, and there is no evidence of it being addictive.

What is the difference between full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD oil?2018-10-25T20:33:12+00:00

Full spectrum or full plant CBD oil is made from the whole hemp plant, meaning that it not only includes CBD, but also the other cannabinoids which are found in the hemp plant, which will usually make the CBD more effective. Broad spectrum or isolate CBD is pure CBD which has been extracted from the plant.

What is hemp CBD oil?2018-11-13T14:30:25+00:00

Hemp CBD oil is an oil which is high in CBD and is made from the hemp plant. This means that it has lower levels of THC but will give you all of the benefits that CBD can give you.

What is the difference between CBD and THC?2018-10-25T20:33:12+00:00

CBD and THC are both cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant. Whilst CBD is in abundance in most hemp plants, however, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) levels are usually negligible. THC is the compound which is psychoactive in the cannabis plant – the part that gives consumers the `high`. It is also illegal in a lot of states to have products with over 0.3% THC. CBD is not psychoactive and is usually legal, even at high levels.

What is Hemp?2018-10-25T20:33:12+00:00

Hemp`s scientific name is Cannabis Sativa L., but although belonging to the same family, `hemp` and `marijuana` are actually very different. The main difference is that the hemp plant has been bred over the years to serve the purposes for which it is needed – which could be a number of things – from creating rope, to paper, to high CBD hemp oil. Hemp naturally has a high level of CBD and is therefore perfect for those who are looking to create CBD rich products. According to US law, the term `industrial hemp` is used for Cannabis sativa L., with a THC level of less than 0.3%.

What is Cannabidiol?2018-11-23T20:32:37+00:00

CBD stands for cannabidiol and is one of the numerous compounds – or cannabinoids – in the marijuana or hemp plant. Cannabinoids act on the cannabinoid receptors within the endocannabinoid system – a system within the body which helps to promote homeostasis – essentially, helping your body to stay balanced.

Will hemp cannabidiol interfere with other medications?2018-11-23T20:33:30+00:00

It is important to note that CBD can change the effectiveness of other medication, so it is important to speak to a doctor before taking CBD rich products if you are on medication. It can affect how our bodies metabolize medication such as statins, painkillers and blood thinners, as well as reduce dependence and withdrawal.

Does CBD have any adverse side effects?2018-10-25T20:33:36+00:00

Hemp CBD is very safe, but everyone’s body is different. Some rare side effects which have been experienced by some people include tiredness and changes in appetite or weight.

What is the best way to take hemp CBD?2018-10-25T20:33:36+00:00

There are many ways to consume hemp CBD, but the most common are vaping (inhalation), sublingual (under the tongue) and edibles or capsules.
When you vape CBD, you inhale the vaporised oil, meaning that the CBD enters into the bloodstream in the quickest and one of the purest ways – through the lungs – giving you good control over how much you consume.
Sublingual consumption involves putting drops of oil under your tongue, also giving you good control over dosage and working quickly.

Is hemp CBD legal?2018-10-25T20:33:36+00:00

Different states and different countries around the world have their own laws about the legality of CBD. It is important to check your local laws before buying CBD, and it is important to remember to differentiate between CBD and THC. There are many places where, for example, CBD may be bought and sold, but the level of THC must be less than 0.3%. Our hemp CBD has higher amounts of CBD and lower amounts of THC.

Can you overdose on CBD?2018-10-25T20:33:36+00:00

There is no research to show that taking high amounts of hemp CBD can adversely affect you or your health. If you take a large dose of CBD, however, you might feel a little lethargic. In fact, taking overly high doses can make the CBD less effective than if you take a moderate dose.

What Cannabis oil used for?2018-11-23T20:33:14+00:00

Research and personal testimonies show that CBD can be used to help to treat a range of issues such as depression and anxiety, joint pain, epilepsy and chronic pain. It is also very effective in promoting general well-being. However, new discoveries are being found every day about what health issues CBD can help with.

Why does the price vary so much?2018-11-23T20:34:08+00:00

Prices of hemp CBD oil products can vary greatly. This is down to a number of factors – where the hemp was grown (and whether it is organic, or if the farmers used pesticides or herbicides), the concentration of CBD in each product, the potency and purity of the CBD within the product, the amount of CBD in a product, the method of CBD extraction, whether it has been lab tested and the other ingredients used in a product.

Who can buy hemp CBD?2018-10-25T20:33:48+00:00

As long as you are in a place where CBD is legal, anyone can buy hemp CBD. You must be of legal age required by the state or province that you are in to purchase our products. It is your responsibility to know whether you are legally able to purchase our products. Whilst some places allow CBD to be prescribed, you don’t need a prescription to buy it.

Are hemp products ok for animals?2018-11-23T20:33:52+00:00

There are many pets and animals which are given CBD with no problems.

How is the CBD extracted from the plant?2018-10-25T20:33:48+00:00

One of two methods can be used to extract the CBD from the hemp plant. Some producers use alcohol or ethanol, by soaking the hemp in a solvent (like grain alcohol). Once the hemp has been soaked, the liquid contains CBD and other cannabinoids which were in the plant. Producers can then evaporate the solvent, leaving the CBD oil behind.
The other method is through the use of CO2. The process involves forcing CO2 at a specific temperature through the hemp plant, which extracts the CBD oil.

Is hemp seed oil the same as Hemp CBD oil?2018-10-25T20:33:48+00:00

No. Hemp seed oil is made from cold pressed hemp seeds and whilst it is nutritionally beneficial to those who consume it, it contains no CBD. Hemp CBD oil is extracted especially from the flower and not from the seeds, is rich in CBD and is a medicinal product.

Will hemp cannabidiol interfere with other medications?2018-11-23T20:33:30+00:00

It is important to note that CBD can change the effectiveness of other medication, so it is important to speak to a doctor before taking CBD rich products if you are on medication. It can affect how our bodies metabolize medication such as statins, painkillers and blood thinners, as well as reduce dependence and withdrawal.